Autores: Amine Fikani, Damian Craiem, Elie Mousseaux, Gilles Soulat, Aymeric Rouchaud, Cyrille Boulogne, Elie Martins, Jerome Jouan

Abstract: Objectives: To evaluate the precise dimensions of the normal aortic root, especially the true aortic annulus, during the cardiac cycle using an innovative reconstruction method based on multiphase cardiac computed tomography and to assess the feasibility and the reproducibility of this method for aortic root analysis.

Methods: Between January 2019 and June 2021, 30 optimal consecutive ECG-gated multiphase cardiac computed tomography of patients with normal tricuspid aortic valve were analysed using an in-house software. Aortic annulus border was pinpointed on 9 reconstructed planes and the 3D coordinates of the 18 consecutive points were interpolated into a 3D curve using a cubic spline. Three additional planes were generated at the level of the left ventricular outflow tract, the level of the Valsalva sinus and the level of the sinotubular junction. This procedure was repeated for all the 10 temporal phases of the RR interval.

Disponible en: Pub Med

Autores: Federico N Guilenea, Mariano E Casciaro, Gilles Soulat, Elie Mousseaux, Damian Craiem

Abstract: Thoracic aorta calcium (TAC) can be assessed from cardiac computed tomography (CT) studies to improve cardiovascular risk prediction. The aim of this study was to develop a fully automatic system to detect TAC and to evaluate its performance for classifying the patients into four TAC risk categories. The method started by segmenting the thoracic aorta, combining three UNets trained with axial, sagittal and coronal CT images. Afterwards, the surrounding lesion candidates were classified using three combined convolutional neural networks (CNNs) trained with orthogonal patches. Image datasets included 1190 non-enhanced ECG-gated cardiac CT studies from a cohort of cardiovascular patients (age 57 ± 9 years, 80% men, 65% TAC > 0). In the test set (N = 119), the combination of UNets was able to successfully segment the thoracic aorta with a mean volume difference of 0.3 ± 11.7 ml (<6%) and a median Dice coefficient of 0.947. The combined CNNs accurately classified the lesion candidates and 87% of the patients (N = 104) were accurately placed in their corresponding risk categories (Kappa = 0.826, ICC = 0.9915). TAC measurement can be estimated automatically from cardiac CT images using UNets to isolate the thoracic aorta and CNNs to classify calcified lesions.

Disponible en: Pub Med

Autores: Idara Zezular, Lisa Carlson Hanse, Hyon Ju Choe, Damian Craiem, Ignacio Lugones

Abstract: Anatomic and physiologic assessment of surgical repair of scimitar syndrome can be challenging. We evaluated the first patient who underwent the Lugones procedure in 2012 using 4D flow magnetic resonance imaging. With this technology, we demonstrate that the reconstructed right pulmonary venous return drains into the left atrium with laminar flow, just as normal pulmonary veins do.

Disponible en: Pub Med

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